The project COURAGE will create the first digital database of both online and offline private and public collections in Europe which testify to the survival of various forms of cultural opposition in the former socialist countries; these collections cover a period from the rise of communist regimes in the region to the fall of the Iron Curtain. COURAGE will further a more nuanced understanding of how these collections work, what functions they serve in their respective societies, and how they represent their holdings and findings to the national and international public.



MTA BTK– Research Centre for the Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (coordinator)
IFIS PAN – Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences
TCD – Trinity College Dublin
IOS Regensburg – Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, University of Regensburg
MTA TK – Centre for Social Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
LII – Lithuanian Institute of History
CUNI – Charles University in Prague
UB – University of Bucharest
HIP – Croatian Institute of History Comenius University in Bratislava
UOXF - The University of Oxford
SZTAKI – Institute for Computer Science and Control

Project Team

The international cooperation is administered by the Primary Coordinator Contact, Sándor Horváth, and the Coordinator Contact, Péter Apor. Both scholars represent the Department for Contemporary History, Institute of History, Research Centre for Humanitie


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 692919.